Employing dating apps is a factor ultimately causing the fast spread out of STIs, including HIV [20, 21]. In Hong Kong, it has been reported that it is not uncommon for dating apps to be employed in search of sexual activities . A report also stated your wealth of matchmaking software has actually exacerbated the difficulty of leisure drug use during sexual contexts (acknowledged ‘chemsex’) . Moreover, there’s been a significant increase in authorities research of intimate assaults and violence linked to internet dating app use within great britain . A number of empirical research has explored the connection between dating app use and high-risk intimate behaviours [25, 26].
a systematic evaluation summarising 13 articles regarding use of matchmaking software and associated high-risk intimate habits on the list of lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender communities, which learned that online dating app users had a tendency to engage in more high-risk sexual behaviours than nonusers, such as having sex with several lovers and participating in condomless rectal intercourse . This review affirms the necessity to promote safer gender and positive intimate fitness messages to online dating app users. Research is performed among college pupils in Hong-Kong learned that online dating applications users comprise more likely than nonusers having several sexual partners and condomless gender with an increase of intimate lovers, use condoms inconsistently, engage in informal sex, and intimate punishment [27,28,29]. Another research on MSM matchmaking software consumers in Hong-Kong discovered that about 30per cent of members got had above three sexual associates, 25percent got engaged in condomless anal intercourse with relaxed partners, 20% have have condomless rectal intercourse with inner ejaculation, 15per cent have made use of alcohol along with sex before half a year, 13per cent had have party intercourse, 8% had had chemsex . These scary findings show the urgent dependence on treatments to convince much better and safer sexual fitness in Hong Kong internet dating application customers.
Effectiveness, feasibility and acceptability of interactive web-based interventions
A Cochrane post on interactive computer-based treatments (ICBIs) targeted at intimate wellness marketing determined that ICBIs work for researching sexual fitness . ‘Interactive input’ is described as intervention comprising components that want user contributions (for example. doing facts examinations, entering private information and making selection) to produce tailored content and opinions that will be myself strongly related people . Furthermore, ICBIs are also reported to use results on self-efficacy, safer intercourse goal and intimate behaviours . A systematic overview showed that computer-based interventions are effective in growing condom incorporate and decreasing sexual intercourse and quantity of sexual couples . Another organized assessment on HIV reduction for the MSM people advised eHealth treatments (including online interventions) to reduce HIV threat behaviours .
Web-based interventions offer several advantages. First, intimate fitness is recognized as an uncomfortable and taboo subject in Chinese society, and web-based interventions afford higher anonymity and privacy than many other treatments. Second, members have access to these treatments at their particular ease. Third, truly easy for web-based interventions to record the regularity and duration of input accessibility. Fourth, internet programs enable information range. Fifth, informative information online can easily be up-to-date. Finally, the dissemination of web-based interventions is fast and reasonably low priced. With regards to acceptability, one study learned that 70percent of MSM dating application customers comprise ready to be involved in a computer-based intimate fitness input . Therefore, a web-based input is preferred the proposed research.
Recommended theoretical framework: concept of prepared behaviour
According to research by the idea of in the offing behavior (TPB), conduct try mostly based on intention and perceived control , and attitudes, detected norms and behavioural control are theorised to anticipate intention. A meta-analysis reported that theory-based treatments built to lessen dangerous intimate behaviors tend to be more effective compared to those without a theoretical design . According to different scientific studies and meta-analyses, the TPB is an effectual and appropriate design for predicting intimate behaviours [38, 39]. Like, a meta-analysis of 96 datasets backed employing the TPB to forecast future condom utilize . Additionally, a more previous meta-analysis of 8 reports (2 cross-sectional studies and 6 prospective reports) posted in 2016 proposed that the TPB was a helpful product for explaining condom usage behavior among MSM . The conclusions with this meta-analysis claim that the TPB build relations tend to be powerful whenever applied to condom utilize among MSM . Another meta-analysis of 35 input scientific studies furthermore recognized the TPB’s usage as a theoretical framework for creating interventions adjust intimate danger behaviours . Thus, the TPB is preferred for this research.
Aims and objectives
The goal of this study is assess the efficiency for the interactive internet intervention in enhancing sexual health of dating applications consumers. The three particular goals tend to be: (i) to reduce risky sexual habits (regularity of condomless anal sex, cluster sex and chemsex); (ii) to boost users’ self-efficacy in and attitudes towards condom utilize; and (iii) to increase the frequency of HIV and STI testing.
It really is hypothesised that, males getting the online intervention will exhibit (i) fewer dangerous intimate behaviours, (ii) best efficacy in and good attitudes towards condom utilize, and (iii) more HIV and STI tests, when compared to people maybe not obtaining the online intervention.